Emergency Nurses Association (ENA).
ENA Emergency Nursing Resources Development Committee. Clinical practice guideline: prevention of blood culture contamination. Emergency Nurses Association; 2012 Dec.
Recommendation 13. Divert the initial 1–2 ml of blood into a sterile receptacle when drawing blood culture specimens via peripheral venipuncture. Level B – Moderate (Patton & Schmitt, 2010) (Note: New evidence is pending. When it is available, this recommendation will be updated if indicated.)
College of American Pathologists (CAP)
CAP 2018 Q-Tracks: MIC.22630
“It is recommended that blood culture statistics, including number of contaminated cultures, be maintained and reviewed regularly by the laboratory director. The laboratory should establish a threshold for an acceptable rate of contamination. Tracking the contamination rate and providing feedback to phlebotomists or other persons drawing cultures has been shown to reduce contamination rates.”
American Society for Microbiology
Amy L. Leber. 2016. Blood Cultures, p 151-182. In Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook, 3rd Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. doi: 10.1128/9781555817435.ch3.4
Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI®),
Wilson, ML. CLSI: Principles and Procedures for Blood Cultures; Approved Guideline, Issue 17.
CLSI document M47-A (ISBN 1-56238-641-7). 2007.
CDC Clinician Guide for Collecting Cultures.
E. Septimus. Clinician Guide for Collecting Cultures 2015
ML-019 Rev A